Eilat Mazar found the City of David

’But it was her excavation on the elevation abutting the City of David, down the hill and south of Har Habayis, that shook the archaeological world. For lying undisturbed for nearly 3000 years was a massive building that Mazar was convinced is King David’s palace’.


Learn About Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia (COP) | American Lung Association

Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) is a form of interstitial lung disease where the small airways (bronchioles) and alveoli (tiny air sacs) become inflamed, leading to difficulty breathing and flu-like illness.
— Read at www.lung.org/lung-health-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/cryptogenic-organizing-pneumonia/learn-about-cryptogenic-organizing-pneumonia

What Causes COP?

The condition is called “cryptogenic” because in most cases, the cause is unknown. Doctors believe that there are many possible causes including radiation therapy, exposure to certain chemicals, exposure to birds, post respiratory infections, as a side-effect of organ transplantation or as a side effect from taking certain medications. COP has also been associated with lung abscesses, lung cancer and lymphoma

Karl Gebhardt

Karl Gebhardt (1897-1948) had a distinguished career as professor of sports medicine before the Second World War. He developed sports for the disabled at a specialised orthopaedic clinic at Hohenlychen and was President of the Red Cross in Germany. During the war, Gebhardt also acted as Heinrich Himmler’s personal physician and was responsible for medical experimentation on prisoners in the concentration camps at Auschwitz and Ravensbrück. In his capacity as SS consultant surgeon, he treated Reinhard Heydrich (a high ranking Nazi official, also known as ‘the Hangman’) after an attempt was made on his life. When Heydrich died, Gebhardt was accused of failing to treat him with sulphonamides. To prove his innocence he carried out a series of experiments on Ravensbrück concentration camp prisoners, breaking their legs and infecting them with various organisms in order to prove the worthlessness of the drugs in treating gas gangrene. He also attempted to transplant the limbs from camp victims to German soldiers wounded on the Russian front. He was tried after the war and executed for these crimes in 1948.


The I.G. Farben trial in 1947

The I.G. Farben Trial, the sixth subsequent Nuremberg proceeding, was tried by the Military Tribunal VI, which had been created by the U.S. Military Government for Germany on August 8, 1947. An indictment was filed on May 3 naming twenty-four defendants, all in the IG Farben industrial concern, and listing five counts: the planning, preparation, initiation, and waging of wars of aggression and invasions of other countries; committing war crimes and crimes against humanity through the plunder and spoliation of public and private property in countries and territories that came under German occupation; committing war crimes and crimes against humanity through participating in the enslavement and deportation for slave labor of civilians from German-occupied territories and of German nationals; participation by defendants Christian Schneider, Heinrich Buetefisch, and Erich von der Heyde in the SS, a recently-declared criminal organization; and participation in a common plan or conspiracy to commit crimes against peace.